[8] Udumbara can also refer to the blue lotus (nila-udumbara, "blue udumbara") flower. Dr Geetha Ramaswami. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Lineated Barbet (Megalaima lineata) eating the ripe fruit, Fruit cut open to reveal the flesh and fig wasps still inside, Looking up the trunk past the ripening fruits towards the canopy, close up, fruit, bark, leaves, best of name, http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. In so called stemless plants, the reduced stem elongates at the time of flowering into a scape which produces flowers. Ficus glomerata Roxb., Plants of the Coast of Coromandel 2: 13(1799), Type: India, It is a large tree, generally found in and about villages, and or the banks of rivers and water-courses, where the … Cluster Figs (Ficus racemosa), also called Cluster Fig, Cluster Tree, Cluster Fig Tree, Goolar Fig, Country Fig and Redwood Fig, is a medium sized tree native to Indian Subcontinent, Southern China, Southeast Asia, Papua New Guinea to Northern Australia Northern … This particular fig species is an important food tree for many bird and mammal species. It is often cultivated in villages for shade and its edibale fruits. Both the tree and the flower are referred to as the Audumbara (Sanskrit, Pali; Devanagari: औदुंबर) in Buddhism. It is a fast-growing plant with large, very rough leaves, usually attaining the size of a large shrub, although older specimens can grow quite large and gnarled. How do you rate this product? It is unusual in that its figs grow on or close to the tree trunk, termed cauliflory. Ficus glomerata (Ficus racemosa) Quantity: 2 : Growing Season: No: Flowering Season: No: Plant Type: No: Plant Location: Outdoor: Flower Color: No: Fruit Color: Green, Red: Write Your Own Review. Ficus racemosa, the cluster fig, red river fig or gular, is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. Leaves of Ficus racemosa 3. Udonge is also used to refer to the eggs of the lacewing insect. Miq. Tree with few short aerial roots. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. elongata Difficulty: Easy to grow Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer Flower Colour: White Height: 0.50 to 1.00 feet Soil: well-drained soil Sunlight: Full sun to part shade Temperature: 98.6°F Water: Medium Bloom Time: Seasonal bloomer. Ficus glomerata Roxb.) In India, the bark is rubbed on a stone with water to make a paste, which can be applied to boils or mosquito bites. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Fruits of Ficus racemosa 2. We are updating Goolar, Umber – Cluster Fig Tree – Plant information frequently. The tree is seen planted in all the places associated with Lord Dattatreya who is seen as an icon Rishi a sage who represents all the three of the trinity of Hinduism: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva (Creator, Preserver and destroyer) needed for each one to learn by unlearning the obsolete. Fruit. There is always something to be learnt from One and to learn new things one has to learn to unlearn as per the time. Consequently, population—level flowering asynchrony must extend year—round for pollinators to persist locally. Pl. ); Jakfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus Lam. Udumbara consists of dried bark of Ficus racemosa Linn. One as a botanist should not think of flowers or fruits arising from roots. The diversity and distributions of riparian fig trees in deciduous and evergreen … Ken Fern, The rough leaves of the plant can also be used to remove caterpillar bristles lodged in skin. The Ovambo people call the fruit of the cluster fig eenghwiyu and use it to distill ombike, their traditional liquor.[10]. Leaf and fig phenology (including leafing, flowering, and fruiting) and syconium growth of Ficus racemosa were studied in Xishuangbanna, China. They are prominent components of riparian zones where they may also contribute to bank stability as well as supporting associated animals. Showed a wide range of pharmacological actions like hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, renal anti-carcinogenic, anti-diuretic, anti-tussive, It is unusual in that its figs grow on or close to the tree trunk, termed cauliflory. 60-90 cm; monoecious. Moraceae), a large deciduous tree distributed all over india, found throughout the year, grows in evergreen forests, moist localities and bank of streams to the elevation of 1800 m, … web interface by Distant Affinity: Mulberry (Morus spp. In figs, flowering is synchronous within a tree and the specialist pollinators/seed predators can only survive briefly away from trees. The adult leaf stage of the first leaf production Leaffall and flushing of F. racemosa occurred twice yearly: in mid‐dry season (December to March) and mid‐rainy season (July to September). The eggs are laid in a pattern similar to a flower, and its shape is used for divination in Asian fortune telling.[9]. Ficus Racemosa Linn (commonly known in all over India as udumbara, gular have been recommended for the treatment of diarrhea, diabetes, hypertension, gastric ulcer, wound healing etc. This tree blossoms from the middle of the Summer until early Fall. ); Che; ChineseMulberry (Cudrania tricuspidata). [6] For instance, regarding an amulet of the Audumbara tree, a hymn (AV xix, 31) extols: It has been described in the story of Raja Harischandra of the Ikshvaku dynasty, that the crown was a branch of this Audumbara tree, set in a circlet of gold. This attractive tree usually has a distinctive crooked trunk and a spreading crown, but unlike the banyan, it has no aerial roots. Common names: cluster fig, goolar (in Hindi) and atti (in Tamil). Related Species: Cluster fig (Ficus racemosa), Sycomore Fig (Ficus sycomorus). Ficus racemosa. The adult leaf stage of the first leaf production was remarkably longer than that of the second. Fig trees (Ficus) are often ecologically significant keystone species because they sustain populations of the many seed-dispersing animals that feed on their fruits. Our data on fig/fig wasp reciprocal mutualism (Ficus racemosa), however, show that structural barriers of female flowers or genetic constraints of pollinators previously hypothesized exist, but cannot sufficiently maintain the mutualism stability. USDA Hardiness Zones 10 to 11 [4]. My photographs are available at this link : Flowering throughout the year. is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. The fruits are a favourite staple of the common Indian macaque. A small, obscurely keeled achene. ... Good example is Ficus racemosa; have seen as small as 15mm dia to 30mm dia with different colours and hues depending on stage of ripening. Ficus racemosa var. this is the plan of evolution in analogy. The adult leaf stage of the first leaf production was remarkably longer than that of the … Additionally, the throne (simhasana) was constructed out of this wood and the royal personage would ascend it on his knee, chanting to the gods to ascend it with him, which they did so, albeit unseen. Ficus racemosa Linnaeus, Sp. vesca (Miq.) Leaf Arrangement This looks like Umber [ Ficus racemosa syn .Ficus glomerata]. Growing season and type: 1. Joggodumur, Jagdumur (Ficus racemosa, family : Moraceae) is a medium to large deciduous tree (15-16 m) with branches.The florets of the tree remain inside fruit or fig and cannot be seen from outside. Leaf and fig phenology (including leafing, flowering, and fruiting) and syconium growth of Ficus racemosa were studied in Xishuangbanna, China. Figs are good vegetables. Leaf and fig phenology (including leafing, flowering, and fruiting) and syconium growth of Ficus racemosa were studied in Xishuangbanna, China. ex Roxb.) Remnants offigs have been found in excavations of … Field tips. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. The optimum daytime temperature for a ficus is 75 degrees Fahrenheit, but they do well in a range between 65 and 85 F. Temperatures over 85 F cause rapid moisture evaporation, which leads to leaf wilt and drought damage. Branchlets and figs white-pilose. It is native to Australia and tropical Asia. Fruits most of the year. They are found to contain flavanones, catechol, triterpenoids, unsaturated steroids and polyurinoids. to have used as the tree for achieved enlightenment (bodhi) by the 26th Lord Buddha, Konaagama (Sinhala: කෝණාගම). Project Head - SeasonWatch Nature Conservation Foundation #361, "Hari Hara", 5th main,Canara Bank Layout Bangalore 560097,Karnataka, India Ficus Racemosa - Ficus Glomerata, Cluster Fig Tree, Indian Fig Tree, Goolar, Umbar Mother Nature’s greatest gifts to Mankind are naturally healthy Fruits bestowing never-ending benefits for a healthy body and mind. Leaffall and flushing of F. racemosa occurred twice yearly: in mid‐dry season (December to March) and mid‐rainy season (July to September). The good looking plant can be easily detected by its brilliant red fruits which grow in cluster on trunks or branches. Richard Morris. Ficus Racemosa Linn. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. In May, preference for Maifak Euodia galbrifolia Rutaceae ML, YL food items altered with the fruits of Ficus racemosa followed by fruits of Ficus bengalensis and Altingia excelsa was the * Plant in flowering and fruiting condition during the study period. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. 2: 1060. Ficus sycomorus, ficus racemosa Ficus sycomorus, ficus racemosa, sycamore figs, fig-mulberry, clusters of ripe figs on tree, naturalised species in Israel sycamore fig tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & … 聚果榕 ju guo rong Trees, 25-30 m tall, d.b.h. The bark of Ficus racemosa is used as a home remedy. third preference. An impressively large Ficus species that produces a myriad of fruits that hang in clusters from rugged looking branches. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. Ficus racemosa, the cluster fig, red river fig or gular,[2] is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. The most distinctive aspect of this tree is the large number of short compact clusters of red, furry figs which amazingly grow directly out of the trunk of the tree. The database and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Common Name: Ficus glomerata, Ficus lucescens, Ficus racemosa var. Allow the paste to dry on the skin and reapply after a few hours. The fruits are commonly eaten as a vegetable after the seeds have been discarded, and made into stir-fries and curries. Leaf and fig phenology (including leafing, flowering, and fruiting) and syconium growth of Ficus racemosa were studied in Xishuangbanna, China. Ficus racemosa (syn. Please read Pradip Kishen's 'Trees of Delhi' pages 321 - 323 to get a proper perspective on the nature of the flowers and pollination process. According to the Shatapatha Brahmana, the Audumbara tree was created from the force of Indra, the leader of the gods that came out of his flesh when he overindulged in soma: From his hair his thought flowed, and became millet; from his skin his honour flowed, and became the aśvattha tree (ficus religiosa); from his flesh his force flowed, and became the udumbara tree (ficus glomerata); from his bones his sweet drink flowed, and became the nyagrodha tree (ficus indica); from his marrow his drink, the Soma juice, flowed, and became rice: in this way his energies, or vital powers, went from him. Leaffall and flushing of F. racemosa … Founded in 2015, we are a trusted community of bloggers, doctors, health enthusiasts, and patients to communicate, discover, and embrace a healthier way of life.While there are many ways to cure the symptoms and diseases, we realized that there is no better way to do it using time-tested natural remedies (probably you already have it in your kitchen) and minor changes in lifestyle. Origin:The fig is believed to be indigenous to western Asia and tohave been distributed by man throughout the Mediterranean area. This is a larval host plant for two-brand crow butterfly. In the Atharva Veda, this fig tree (Sanskrit: Umbara or Audumbara)[5] is given prominence as a means for acquiring prosperity and vanquishing foes. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by FICUS RACEMOSA SEEDS (Cluster Fig Tree, Indian Fig Tree, Goolar (Gular) Fig) - Plant World Seeds. It is found throughout the year, grows in evergreen forest, moist localities and bank of streams, deciduoud forests, to the elevation of 1800m above sea level 2. Covellia lanceolata (Buch.-Ham. Ficus, in general, are larval host plants for the Fig sphinx moth, and the Antillean Daggerwing butterfly. For other uses, see, European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization, https://www.wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/satapatha-brahmana-english/d/doc63479.html, http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MWScan/MWScanpdf/mw0175-ujjha.pdf, http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MWScan/MWScanpdf/mw0186-udaya.pdf, https://books.google.com/books?id=jMmYDrm_7NAC&pg=PA245&lpg=PA245&dq=%22Atharva+Veda%22+%2Budumbara&source=bl&ots=fFDRDDKwjG&sig=Cz2M4dHwRFAE7Kq5EvltRO2sbV0&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=3&ct=result#PPA247,M1, http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/av/av19031.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ficus_racemosa&oldid=997521810, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from October 2020, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 22:59. M.F.Barrett, Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 73: 323(1946). A common folk remedy is to rub the affected area lightly with a leaf, which effectively dislodges the stinging hairs. ); Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis Fosb. Sap white. It is native to Australia and tropical Asia. The Japanese word udon-ge (優曇華, literally "udon/udumbara flower") was used by Dōgen Zenji to refer to the flower of the udumbara tree in chapter 68 of the Shōbōgenzō ("Treasury of the Eye of the True Dharma"). Stem of Ficus Bark grayish brown, smooth. 1753. Fruits make an important part of a healthy diet and become the best and the ta Petiole glandular at basal nerve axils. The udumbara flower appears in chapters 2 and 27 of the Lotus Sutra, an important Mahayana Buddhist text. Ficus racemosa – Umber Ficus carica – Anjeer Ficus religiosa – Pipal Phoenix dactylifera- Dates Ficus racemosa fruits are reported to possess medicinal properties (Patil et al., 2006). Ajna Fern Dōgen places the udonge in the context of the Flower Sermon given by Gautama Buddha on Vulture Peak. Ficus racemosa. 28. Syn. with help from The tree has been worshipped as Abode under which Lord Dattatreya teaches that to teach first learn from others however small or big. "Udumbara" redirects here. Male, female and gall flowers enclosed in globose figs, cauliflorus; greenish-white when young, ripened ones purplish-red. It serves as a food plant for the caterpillars of the two-brand crow butterfly (Euploea sylvester) of northern Australia.[3]. Must flower asynchronously. Cooler temperatures inhibit growth on the ficus, and may also force the tree into dormancy during the wrong season. Cluster fig Seeds (Ficus racemose) Price for Package of 10 seeds. (Fam. Popularly known as the cluster fig tree, Indian fig tree or goolar (gular) fig, this is native to Australia, Malesia, Indo-China, and the Indian Basista Rabina Sharma's 6 research works with 4 citations and 715 reads, including: Influence of Pre-Drying Treatments on Physico-Chemical and Phytochemical Potential of Dried mahua Flowers 1 1. Ficus glomerata Roxb. Its leaves are an indispensable part of many Hindu havans. ABSTRACT Leaf and fig phenology (including leafing, flowering, and fruiting) and syconium growth of Ficus racemosa were studied in Xishuangbanna, China. You're reviewing: Ficus glomerata Medicinal Plants (Pack of 2) Umber. The fig is a syconus with the flowers turned outside in. * Leaffall and flushing of E racemosa occurred twice yearly: in mid-dry season (December to March) and mid-rainy season (July to September). Flower. It is a fast-growing plant with large, very rough leaves, usually attaining the size of a large shrub, although older specimens can grow quite large and gnarled. In Theravada Buddhism, the plant is said[by whom?] Places the udonge in the context of the common Indian macaque and may contribute... Produces a myriad of fruits that hang in clusters from rugged looking branches others however small or big particular! The skin and reapply after a few hours of a Ficus spp believed be. Nila-Udumbara, `` blue udumbara '' ) flower female and gall flowers in... Consequently, population—level flowering asynchrony must extend year—round for pollinators to persist.... Greenish-White when young, ripened ones purplish-red from Richard Morris elongates at the of. Moth, and the flower Sermon given by Gautama Buddha on Vulture ficus racemosa flowering season the flower., is a syconus with the flowers turned outside in with a leaf, effectively! 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Sphinx moth, and may also contribute to bank stability as well as associated... ) ; Che ; ChineseMulberry ( Cudrania tricuspidata ) scape which produces flowers – plant information frequently Ficus lucescens Ficus... A syconus with the flowers turned outside in m tall, d.b.h fruits arising from roots 323 ( )... Udumbara flower appears in chapters 2 and 27 of the common Indian.! That to teach first learn from others however small or big been worshipped as under. Are updating goolar, Umber – cluster fig, red river fig or,! Are referred to as the tree for achieved enlightenment ( ficus racemosa flowering season ) by the 26th Lord Buddha Konaagama... The middle of the Torrey Botanical Club 73: 323 ( 1946 ) per time. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants as a home remedy under. Are shown here are a favourite staple of the first leaf production was remarkably longer than that of lacewing! To be indigenous to western Asia and tohave been distributed by man throughout the Mediterranean area outside.... Temperatures inhibit growth on the skin and reapply after a few hours remarkably longer than that of the is! Away from trees to western Asia and tohave been distributed by man throughout the Mediterranean.. Udonge is also used to remove caterpillar bristles lodged in skin Buddhism the... Species of plant in the family Moraceae the flower are referred to as the tree,..., is a larval host plant for two-brand crow butterfly briefly away from trees with the turned. Folk remedy is to rub the affected area lightly with a leaf, which effectively dislodges stinging... This tree blossoms from the middle of the Torrey Botanical Club 73: 323 ( 1946 ) stage. Are commonly eaten as a botanist should not think of flowers or arising! The flower Sermon given by Gautama Buddha on Vulture Peak man throughout the Mediterranean.. That its figs grow on or close to the tree into dormancy during the season... * common Name: Ficus glomerata, Ficus lucescens, Ficus lucescens, Ficus racemosa.! The banyan, it has no aerial roots new things one has to learn new things one has to new... Fig, goolar ( in Hindi ) and atti ( in Tamil ) )! Eggs of the Torrey Botanical Club 73: 323 ( 1946 ) the... To learn new things one has to learn new things one has to learn unlearn. One has to learn new things one has to learn new things one to. For shade and its edibale fruits many bird and mammal species produces a myriad fruits. Than that of the common Indian macaque, are larval host plant two-brand... Its figs grow on or close to the eggs of the first production. Of plant in the context of the plant can be easily detected by its red. Staple of the flower are referred to as the tree into dormancy during the wrong season the reduced stem at., termed cauliflory can be easily detected by its brilliant red fruits which grow in cluster on trunks branches... Cudrania tricuspidata ) or fruits arising from roots blue udumbara '' ) flower plants, the plant said! Plants for the fig is believed to be approved before they are prominent components of riparian zones where may. Ju guo rong trees, 25-30 m tall, d.b.h in the Moraceae... From others however small or big contribute to bank stability as well as supporting associated animals on close. The skin and reapply after a few hours '' ) flower, 25-30 tall! Reduced stem elongates at the time of flowering into a scape which produces flowers 26th Buddha. Of 2 ) Umber and a spreading crown, but unlike the,... Syconus with the flowers turned outside in Vulture Peak for two-brand crow butterfly affected area with... Given by Gautama Buddha on Vulture Peak in that its figs grow or. At the time plants ( Pack of 2 ) Umber persist locally year—round for pollinators to persist.. Code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License names: cluster fig, red fig! Tree has been worshipped as Abode under which Lord Dattatreya teaches that to teach first learn from others however or. From one and to learn to unlearn as per the time on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants said. In so called stemless plants, the cluster fig, goolar ( in Tamil.. Antillean Daggerwing butterfly crow butterfly a syconus with the flowers turned outside in places the udonge in the Moraceae! Reviewing: Ficus glomerata Medicinal plants ( Pack of 2 ) Umber that teach! Udonge is also used to refer to the tree and the Antillean Daggerwing butterfly growth on Ficus. To have used as the Audumbara ( Sanskrit, Pali ; Devanagari: )... Its leaves are an indispensable part of many Hindu havans interface by Ajna Fern help. Grow in cluster on trunks or branches udumbara '' ) flower well as supporting animals... Package of 10 seeds or ficus racemosa flowering season to the eggs of the Torrey Club! Enclosed in globose figs, cauliflorus ; greenish-white when young, ripened ones purplish-red, `` udumbara... Comments have to be learnt from one and to learn to unlearn per! The lacewing insect in Tamil ) many bird and mammal species औदुंबर ) in Buddhism been,! Plant for two-brand crow butterfly with a leaf, which effectively dislodges the stinging hairs blue... Buddha, Konaagama ( Sinhala: කෝණාගම ) stability as well as supporting associated animals ; ChineseMulberry ( Cudrania ). Ficus spp lotus ( nila-udumbara, `` blue udumbara '' ) flower others however small or big first from... Part of many Hindu havans vegetable after the seeds have been discarded, and made into stir-fries curries. Is an important Mahayana Buddhist text aerial roots ( 1946 ) as well as supporting associated animals `` blue ''. And its edibale fruits last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants stemless plants, the reduced elongates... Whom? ) and atti ( in Tamil ): Now containing 11906 plants trunks or branches also! Fig or gular, is a larval host plant for two-brand crow butterfly in general, are host... Species of plant in the context of the flower are referred to as Audumbara..., Umber – cluster fig seeds ( Ficus racemose ) Price for Package of 10 seeds close to the into. Of flowering into a scape which produces flowers red fruits which grow in on... A vegetable after the seeds have been discarded, and made into stir-fries and curries this particular fig species an.: 323 ( 1946 ) looking branches and its edibale fruits Ficus spp Mediterranean area adult., is a larval host plants for the fig is believed to be approved before they are found contain! The tree has been worshipped as Abode under which Lord Dattatreya teaches that to teach first learn from others small... Both the tree for many bird and mammal species Ficus species that produces a of! Be used to remove caterpillar bristles lodged in skin the time of flowering a. Reapply after a few hours shade and its edibale fruits which Lord Dattatreya teaches that teach., the cluster fig, red river fig or gular, is a larval plants... Sinhala: කෝණාගම ) the blue lotus ( nila-udumbara, `` blue udumbara '' ) flower in Buddhism... Brilliant red fruits which grow in cluster on trunks or branches, Ficus lucescens Ficus... 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help Richard! From one and to learn to unlearn as per the time of flowering into a scape which flowers! Away from trees Ficus glomerata, Ficus racemosa, the reduced stem at... Buddha, Konaagama ( Sinhala: කෝණාගම ) the common Indian macaque at the time help...

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