At first, only the gold and black Calvert arms were associated with Maryland, being reintroduced in 1854. Adopted: March 9, 1904 Maryland Flag Design: The Calvert colors are described as gold and black, and the Crossland colors as red and silver, but in heraldry gold is depicted with yellow and silver with white. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Our flag was created from symbols significant to a proud city settled in 1649: The white background of the flag was the militia flag selected by Sir Francis Nicholson, the royal governor who made Annapolis the capital of Maryland. Maryland had remained loyal to the U.S. despite a large proportion of the citizenry's support for the Confederacy, especially in the central city of Baltimore, the counties of the southern part of the state, and the Eastern Shore of the Chesapeake Bay. The origins of the flag including both designs is not known, but state records say it was being flown by October 1880. (black), and a bend dexter (right diagonal band) counterchanged so that they consist Steve Kramer, 16 Mar 1999 Following Lincoln's election in 1861, red and white "secession colors" appeared on everything from yarn stockings and cravats to children's clothing. The history of the Maryland state flag dates back to 1904 and is based upon heraldic emblems. Also known: In 1945 the General Assembly mandated that a gold cross bottony—that Maryland Confederate symbol—is the only ornament that can be mounted above the state flag. To fully appreciate the Confederate history associated with Maryland’s flag, one must begin with the parents of George Calvert, the First Lord Baltimore, who received a charter for the colony of Maryland from King Charles I of England in 1632. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. The Maryland flag has been described as the perfect state flag — bold colors, interesting patterns, and correct heraldry—a flag that fairly shouts "Maryland." Since Lord Baltimore's mother was a heraldic heiress, he was entitled to use both arms in his banner of arms. The Calvert family was the colonial proprietors of the state. High quality Maryland Flag gifts and merchandise. The Fifth was the largest component of Maryland's military after 1870, and it played a conspicuous part in major public events both in and out of the state. TEMP OUT OF STOCK Maryland State Flag Coffee Mug Click for More Info Price: $6.99. comes from the shield in the coat of arms of the Calvert family, the colonial proprietors of Maryland. I’d never seen so … The cross in the Crossland arms ends in demi-fleurs-de-lis and is properly a cross flory; the cross in the Maryland flag terminates in buttons, and in heraldry is termed a cross bottony. Beginning a custom that would later be officially recognized by law, the Fifth Regiment by 1905 had replaced the silver eagle on the flagstaff bearing its regimental color with a cross bottony. Maryland was founded as an English colony in 1634 by Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. Maryland Flag History ! Sometime before October 10, 2007, Government House (the Governor's Mansion) in Annapolis ceased to display the cross bottony at the top of the flag pole, but the flags at the State House continue to do so (adhering to Maryland General Provisions Code § 7-202 & 7-203 (2016)). Throughout the colonial period, only the yellow-and-black Calvert family colors are mentioned in descriptions of the Maryland flag. A printable PDF version of the flag is also available. Prior to independence in 1776, there was no official Maryland flag, but it appears flags generally used Lord Calvert’s colors with the alternating vertical bars of black and gold with a diagonal line in which the colors were reversed, probably something like the flag on the right. Pins in the cross bottony shape were worn on uniforms, and the headquarters flag of the Maryland-born Confederate general Bradley T. Johnson was a red cross bottony on a white field. In 1634, Maryland was founded as a British colony by Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. The state stopped using the colors following American independence, but they were reintroduced in 1854. Post-independence and the discontinuation of the Calvert flag, many banners were used to represent Maryland. Small Maryland Flag Magnet Click for More Info Price: $2.95. According to the laws of heraldry, the personal banner of the Lords Baltimore, who were the proprietary owners of Maryland, was by extension that of the territory they ruled. Maryland’s flag is one of the only U.S. flags that does not contain the color blue. The Calvert family coat of arms was reintroduced in Maryland in an 1854 law that called for a new great seal based on the Calvert design. Lord Baltimore's banner, used by pro-Union Marylanders during the American Civil War. The flag of the State of Maryland is the 17th-century heraldic banner of arms of Cecil, 2nd Baron Baltimore. In the black and gold quarters of the flag is the arms of The 1st Baron Baltimore, a former Secretary of State, granted as a reward for his storming a fortification during a battle. People displaying these red-and-white symbols of resistance to the Union and to Lincoln's policies were vigorously prosecuted by Federal authorities. The flag excels as a state banner because it commemorates the vision of the founders while it reminds us of the struggle to preserve the Union. 1:Design - The Calvert colors are described as gold and black, and the Crossland colors as red and silver, but in heraldry gold is depicted with yellow and silver with white. the escutcheon of the State seal.". Alone of the 13 original states, Maryland has a state flag based on a flag flown under British rule. Reintroduction of the Calvert coat of arms on the great seal of the state was followed by a reappearance at public events of banners in the yellow-and-black Calvert family colors. After independence, the use of the Calvert family colors was discontinued. Maryland Flag Face Mask - Filter option - 2 & 3 layer options with Nose Wire 100% Cotton USA face mask with filter pocket State flag ArtworkByKevin. of six alternating gold and black vertical bars with a diagonal band on which the colors In March 2015, the gold cross bottony was put back on top of the flag pole on Government House (Governor's Mansion). The word "bottony" is spelled several ways; the version used here conforms to the 1945 law that made the cross bottony the official ornament for a flagstaff carrying the Maryland flag. The flag’s design came from a shield of coat of arms of the Calvert family. Calvert was an heir of King Charles I and used his family’s gold and black coat of arms as the Maryland flag. [2] It is worth noting that pre-1876 the Maryland seal did not include the current Maryland flag on it. Vector files are available in AI, EPS, and SVG formats. As one of the original 13 colonies, Maryland is represented by a star on the 13 star U.S. flag. The seal created pursuant to this act contained several inaccuracies, and in 1876 the General Assembly provided for a new great seal that conformed closely to the Calvert original. The Maryland State Flag History of the Maryland Flag. (c) The second and third quarters are quartered argent (white) and gules (red), a It consists of the escutcheon (heraldic shield) of his father George, 1st Baron Baltimore (1579–1632), with the charges and fields from his coat of arms quartered with those of his grandmother, heiress of the Crossland family in the Kingdom of England. Anley Fly Breeze 3x5 Foot Maryland State Polyester Flag - Vivid Color and Fade Proof - Canvas Header and Double Stitched - Maryland MD Flags with Brass Grommets 3 X 5 Ft. 4.7 out of 5 stars 859. The colors symbolically represented what had happened to the Fifth Regiment itself in the quarter century since the Civil War. All other state government buildings, including public schools, obey this guideline, but many private individuals and businesses do not. Maryland, constituent state of the United States of America. (Fig. The new regimental color adopted in 1889, combining the traditional yellow-and-black "Maryland colors" with the red-and-white "secession colors" in the form of a bottony cross, must have seemed especially appropriate to members of the Fifth. In 1888, the flag was carried by Maryland National Guard troops escorting Governor Elihu E. Jackson at the dedication ceremonies for … True to its heritage, the original Fifth Regiment consisted primarily of Maryland-born former Confederate officers and soldiers. $18.99 $ 18. [2] The state stopped using the colors following American independence, but they were reintroduced in 1854. In 1904, the state of Maryland adopted its current flag as a symbol of reconciliation.The flag incorporates the colors of George Calvert, 1st Lord Baltimore's coat of arms. This design comes from the coat of arms of George Calvert, also known as … By the Civil War, the most common Maryland flag design probably consisted of the great seal of the state on a blue background. The black and gold colors and design on the Maryland state flag represent the Calvert family. Similar Images . The design of the Maryland state flag is steeped in Maryland history. During the colonial period, only the gold (yellow) and black Calvert arms were associated with Maryland. Maryland's flag bears the arms of the Calvert and Crossland families. As officers and soldiers returned home after the war to resume their peacetime occupations, the greatest challenge facing the country was reconciliation. (b) The first and fourth quarters are a paly of six pieces, or (gold) and sable Organized in May 1867, the Fifth Regiment was the successor organization to the Old Maryland Guard, a military unit formed in Baltimore in 1859 that dissolved when most of its officers and men went south in 1861 to join the Confederate Army. Maryland Flag History. 4.05 - When a Maryland facility is located in another state, the flag of the host state may be flown on an adjacent staff of equal height. The Maryland flag, flown on a staff properly ornamented with a gold cross bottony, is therefore much more than a symbol of state sovereignty. It finished behind the flags of New Mexico, Texas and Quebec respectively.[6]. In the first and fourth, black and gold (yes, it’s gold, not yellow) stripes alternate, and a diagonal stripe of opposite colors cuts down the middle. 99 $20.99 $20.99. The passage of time had gradually diminished the passions of former Rebels and Yankees, permitting them to work together once again. Neither the designer nor the date of origin of this new Maryland flag is certain, but a banner in this form was known at least by October 1880. New Year,.. 95. "(a) The State flag is divided into quarters. 10% off. From its inception, the Fifth Regiment had demonstrated through its prominent participation in public events and with its summer encampments in the north that former Confederates could be good soldiers and loyal citizens of the state and the nation. On the Maryland flag Magnet Click for More Info Price: $ 4.95 Kramer... Confederate officers and soldiers returned home after the War to resume their peacetime occupations, the colonial period, the... 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