It is claimed that small states are good for efficient administration and inculcating among the people a sense of unity and love for the state. Article 3. The state is a natural institution. Login to see the comments. The creator of the periodic table, Dmitri Mendeleev , in 1869 began collecting and sorting known properties of elements, like … This implies that the obligation in question must be binding on the State … Population can be more or less but it has to be there. State is a territorial unit. H. J. Laski, for example, regards it as incompatible with the interests of humanity and world peace. This is a list of the 118 chemical elements which have been identified as of 2021. Population: The primary requirement for the existence of the State is population. Without a population there can be no State. Without a government there would be lawlessness and anarchy and ultimately the state would be dissolved. It means complete independence of the State from external control. It is a human political institution. These are: (1) population, (2) territory, (3) government, (4) sovereignty (or independence). Laski has rightly argued that unlimited sovereignty is a threat to world peace and humanity. State power is not restricted to the national level. List of elements Atomic Number Name Symbol Group Period Number Block State at. Copyright. State has the exclusive title and prerogative to exercise supreme power over all its people and territory. Approximately India occupies 2.4% of the global area. A number of writers who have attacked the concept of absolute sovereignty on theoretical grounds also hold that it is undesirable. Yet these are not really states. M In each society the people need the state because provides currency and coinage for the conduct of economic business and trade relations. Sovereignty is the most exclusive element of State. A people occupying a definite territory cannot form a state unless they are politically organized i.e., unless they possess a government. Sovereignty permanently, exclusively and absolutely belongs to the State. Sovereignty 1. The state is a natural institution. 1. All persons, organisations, associations, institutions and places located within its territory are under the sovereign jurisdiction of the State. The political existence of the state is independent of recognition by the other states. Comment goes here. The State can punish them for every violation of any of its laws. On the other hand, there are giant states like the Russian Republic, China, U. S. A., and Australia with millions of square miles. Population: State is a community of persons. He inherits several relations and throughout his life remains bound up with these. However, a large population can be a liability if the resources of the state are not adequate for its maintenance. This is a list of elements by atomic number with symbol. A widely used definition from the German sociologist Max Weber is that a "state" is a polity that maintains a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence, although other definitions are not uncommon.. (8) State secures the goals of national interest in international relations. Government is the third essential element of the State. How do you distinguish between the idea of the State and conception of the State? 966 words short essay on meaning and features of a State. Economic state power can be derived from a state's ability to mobilize industrially, or the natural resources that the state has at its disposal. But how many people should constitute the […] The State has a comprehensive monitoring program strategy that serves all water quality management needs and addresses all State water, including all waterbody types (e.g., streams, rivers, lakes, Great Lakes, reservoirs, estuaries, coastal areas, wetlands, and groundwater). The term “State,” which is the central subject of Elements of state in political science study, has scientific meaning. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. As in population, so in territory, no limit can be laid down. 3. So population is its primary element. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Elements of the State . Permanent region. All the persons, citizens as well as aliens, who are living in the territory of the State are duty bound to obey the state laws and policies. The starting point of the articles is that “every internationally wrongful act of a State entails the international responsibility of that State” [2] . European Union: A supranational organization created in the 1950s to bring the nations of Europe into closer economic and political connection. Content Guidelines Disclaimer 9. Are you sure you want to Yes No. States like Russia, Canada, U.S.A., India, China, Brazil and some others are large sized states whereas Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Maldivies, Switzerland, Togo, Brundi and many others are States with small territories. 4 elements of state The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population (people); (b) a defined territory; (c) government (political authority); and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states (diplomat recognition or … PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Recognition has also a political dimension. Monitoring Program Strategy. 1. State voluntarily accepts rules of international law. See more. One of the main problems faced by developing countries is over-population. China came under communist rule in 1949. The people are all the people in the territory of a country and obey the rules of the country. The first two elements constitute the physical or material basis of the state while the last two form its political and spiritual basis. Most of developed states are democracies. India has given on lease the Teen Bigha corridor to Bangladesh. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. With the same vagueness and ambiguity as a man in the street uses it. State is needed for getting protection and security against external aggressions, wars and internal disturbances and disorders. Social relations continuously need peace, security and order. 3. The Elements of the state Or more important are the population, territory, government and sovereignty. Following the Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of states which was a treaty signed at Montevideo, Uruguay, on December 26th, 1933. Each society needs the State. He always wants to live and remain in the company of fellow human beings. People - the population living in a state. The relationship between the Legislature and Executive is defined by law and it corresponds to the adopted form of government. It should be noted, however, that absolute sovereignty is a legal concept. (7) State conducts foreign relations, foreign trade and economic relations. Recognition. He forms family and several other groups. A state, to declare itself sovereign, must be internally supreme and free from any external control. So communist China, though ruling the mainland China, was not allowed to become the member of the UN due to America’s opposition. According to famous jurist, Oppenheim, “A state is and becomes an international person by recognition only and exclusively. Government . It is essentially a territorial State. Sovereign rulers. Population, 2. performs the law-application functions; and. It provides financial help to the poor and weaker sections of society. Definite territory is its essential component. In ancient times, the King used to perform all functions of the government and all powers of governance stood centralized in his hands. This is prevented by the state. It can compel obedience of its people to its laws and commands. End of sovereignty means end of the State. Territory - includes the land, the rivers, the sea, and the air space which the jurisdiction of the sate extends. The legislature makes laws; the executive enforces laws while the judiciary adjudicates cases or disputes. Report a Violation, 9 Main Differences between State and Government, 8 Main Differences Between State and Society. (1) Legislature—which formulates the will of State i.e. It is the agent or the working agency of the State. Elements of State 1. It also means the full freedom of the State to participate in the activities of the community of nations. To him, to live in the state and to be a man were indentical. Some other factors in this regard are geographical location, resources and climate. The State, being a human institution, cannot be conceived of without people. Out of these four elements, Sovereignty stands accepted as the most important and exclusive element of the State. However it keeps on changing after regular intervals. The size of the territory of a State can be big or small; nevertheless it has to be a definite, well-marked portion of territory. India has a very large and fast growing population and there is every need to check population growth. These are integral parts of the Indian State. The word State is often confused with government. Population is essential for the state. It should be determined on the basis of the size of the territory of the State, the available resources, the standard of living expected and needs of defence, production of goods and supplies. State is the sovereign political institution of each society. A. This includes the land, bodies of water, atmosphere and natural resources. We have tiny states like San Marino with an area of less than twenty-five square miles. All these institutions always act in accordance with the laws of the State. However it must be clearly noted that government is just one element of the State. Population can be more or less but it has to be there. As the supreme power of the State, Sovereignty has two dimensions: Internal Sovereignty and External Sovereignty. THE STATE AND ITS ELEMENTS . Definitions : The state is the most universal and most powerful of all social institutions. It can be either Parliamentary or Presidential or both. Thus there should be a happy balance between the size of the population and material wealth of a state. They enjoy rights and freedom as citizens as well as perform several duties towards the State. According to Plato, an ideal state should have a population of 5040. 1. India is free to sign or not to sign any treaty with any other state. A definite and more or less permanent territory is also regarded as an essential element of the state. Further, his physical and economic necessities always force him to form economic trade and cultural relations. Gradually, however, the powers of King got decentralized and these came to be exercised by these three organs of the government: Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. Sovereignty belongs to the State; the government only uses it on behalf of the State. All that can be said is that a large population is an advantage from the point of view of military defense. The state is a human institution. THE ELEMENTS OF STATE Prof. Elliott “territorial sovereignty or the Superiority of state overall within its boundaries and complete freedom from external control has been a fundamental principle of the modern state life”. According to this Convention, The Elements of the State establishment are as follows: People. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. We want to encourage as broad a group of people as possible to learn what AI is, what can (and can’t) be done with AI, and how to start creating AI methods. syedmurtaza32. These are: (1) population, (2) territory, (3) government, (4) sovereignty (or independence). It is the concrete and visible instrument of state power. Ability to connect with other countries. In the Presidential form, as is in operation in the U.S.A., the legislature and executive are two independent and separate organs with stable and fixed tenures, and the executive is not responsible to legislature. Internally viewed, the state has supreme power over all individuals and associations within its fixed area. Some institutions can have the first three elements (Population Territory and Government) but not sovereignty. The elements of state power are economic power, military power, geographical power, the power of alliance and internal political power. Communist China was not recognised by the US for cold war. What are the four most essential attributes of a State? Absolute sovereignty is not feasible. These are the four essential elements of a State. In fact, Sovereignty is the basis on which the State regulates all aspects of the life of the people living in its territory. (3) Judiciary—which applies the laws to specific cases and settles the disputes i.e. We can define external sovereignty of the State as its sovereign equality with every other state. For example Anadaman & Nicobar and Daman and Diu are parts of India. It protects the people and tries to ensure conditions for their happiness, prosperity and development. No State can really become a State without sovereignty. four essential elements. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. The state serves this need, by protecting s the society from internal and external dangers. He and his society need security for their life, property and relations. Government - the agency through which the will of … In modern times relations among nations have grown and many international organisations and institutions have come into being. The next element is the people who live within the state. Small states and large ones exist side by side. (6) State grants citizenship and protects their interests and rights. In contemporary times every civilized State has a democratic representative, responsible transparent and accountable government. Seeing chemical elements arranged in the modern periodic table is as familiar as seeing a map of the world, but it was not always so obvious. 5. What are the differences between State and Society. Sovereignty: An element of the State Sovereignty is the supreme power by which the State commands and exerts political obedience from its people. Your message goes here Post. It is essential for enhancing the ability of India to register a high level of sustainable development. (4) The state issues and regulates currency and coinage. The society needs the state for security, peace, order stability and protection against external aggressions and wars. performs law-making functions; (2) Executive— enforces and implements the laws i.e. (3) State legally grants and guarantees the rights of the people. It is said in favour of large states that they are strong in defense and because of availability of resources they are economically self-sufficient. It means the power of the State to order and regulate the activities of all the people, groups and institutions which are at work within its territory. 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